Design for crash survival of automobile occupants
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Design for crash survival of automobile occupants 5 reports prepared for the 54th annual meeting of the Transportation Research Board. by National Research Council (U.S.) Transportation Research Board

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Published by TRB National Research Council in Washington .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Roads -- Safety measures.,
  • Automobiles -- Crashworthiness.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

SeriesTransportation research record ;, 586
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTE7 .H5 no. 586, TE228 .H5 no. 586
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 58 p. :
Number of Pages58
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4898407M
ISBN 100309025508
LC Control Number76041271

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  The Crash Survival Space Occupant’s protection requires two design considerations: 1) reduction of decelerations on the occupant (restrained by a belt) by intentional deformability of the structure; 2) limitation of passenger’s compartment deformation to Cited by: 9. “The Crash Survival Space”, in which he discussed the importance of maintaining a post‐crash survival space of inches ( cm) above the occupant’s H‐point in all crash modes, including rollover evaluation of cars and heavy trucks [7] see Fig. Size: 1MB. the vehicle. Hence, improvement of safety of automobile is must. Objective Crash simulations are used to investigate the safety of the car occupants during impact on the front end structure of the car in a frontal impact, the lateral structure of the car in a side collision, the rear end structure of a car .   Reducing the severity of the injuries sustained by a vehicle occupant in the event of a collision involves enhancing the design of automobiles and their protective features and devices. This in turn requires a thorough analysis of the dynamic response of the human body in a crash situation and an assessment of the corresponding injuries sustained.

Rear-end crashes, where the front of one vehicle impacts the rear of another vehicle traveling in the same direction as the striking vehicle, are a frequent occurrence on U.S. roadways. Rear-end crashes accounted for 28% of all police reported accidents in the U.S. in the year [ . Occupant Acceleration Environment - The intensity and duration of accelerations experienced by occupants (with tiedown assumed intact) during a crash. Appears in 7 books from Page - Federal Aviation Administration, National Aviation . Research shows that the probability of a pedestrian being killed rises by a factor of 8 as the impact speed of the car rises from 30km/h to 50km/h. The best-designed vehicle on the road today provides crash protection currently up to 70km/h for car occupants wearing seat .   Half past midnight on Aug , a black Mercedes crashed into a concrete pillar outside the Pont de l’Alma tunnel in Paris. The world mourned .

With bivariate analysis for motorised rickshaw occupants,the risk of fatal outcome (odds ratio (OR) , 95% confidence interval (CI): –), upper limb injury (OR , 95% CI: –5.   The New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) was created in by NHTSA, the organization responsible for rating vehicles in the United States. Since the organization was founded, car motor vehicle deaths in the US dropped by more than 50% by Euro NCAP defines safety ratings as shown: 5 stars: Overall good performance in crash protection. Well. Car occupants are also at risk themselves, particularly in higher speed environments. Even in the most modern of vehicles, the chance of surviving a side impact with a tree or post reduces dramatically above 40 km/h, while the chances reduce above 70 km/h for a head-on crash with a similar vehicle. crucial in vehicle industry to confirm the crashworthiness of car, which is forecasted by robust modeling and CAE analysis method. This paper evaluates the risk of side crash injury for occupants as a basis developing side impact injury countermeasures, which are based on FMVSS (Federal Motor Vehicle Standard Specifications) No.